Today in Science:
-In 1854, Paul Erlich was born. He became a pioneer in hematology, immunology, and chemotherapy, eventually receiving the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1908. Erlich is also noted for his discovery of a treatment for syphilis.
-In 1879, Albert Einstein was born. His work in theories of relativity is especially noted for progressing scientific knowledge beyond that of Newtonian physics, although he won the Nobel Prize for Physics for discussion of the photoelectric effect in 1921.
-In 1899, the zeppelin was patented in the U.S. by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin. The patented design was of a cylindrical airship with a structure of aluminum struts, wire braces, two separate engines, and hydrogen balloons. Count von Zeppelin had previously patented this design in Germany (1895).
-In 1927, Elsie Eaves became the first American female elected as an associate member to the American Society of Civil Engineers.
-In 1994, Columbia astronauts used a magnetic grappling system containing a 50-foot robotic arm outside of Earth for the first time.